Characteristics of Intellectual Disability

If a child is not able to do the things which other children do like walking and speaking, it is possible that he is suffering from an intellectual disability. In other words, they have difficulty in managing their personal needs as they need support from others. No parent wants their child to suffer from any disability. But they have no control over the possible things that can happen while a baby is still in his mother’s womb. There are three major causes of intellectual disabilities.

This includes Down Syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, and Fragile X Syndrome. There are categories under intellectual disabilities. It could be genetic conditions, pregnancy issues, issues during birth, problems after birth, poverty and cultural factors. And for the characteristics of intellectual disability, it involves problems with mental disabilities. There are three areas or characteristics under intellectual disability which refers to conceptual, social, and practical. The first one is conceptual. Under this characteristic, there are seven (7) problems involved such as problems with skill in knowledge retention.

And for the social characteristic, this includes four (4) issues like issues with communication and empathy or other social problems or functions. Under the third characteristic mentioned which is the practical, job duties, personal finance, and organization are involved. If parents observe some of these characteristics in their own child, they must seek advice from a mental health care professional. Even if a child seems to look normal, yet his behavior is not, that’s the time that you have to seek counseling from experts.